The major thing which may cause tachycardia and myocardial infarction for young people is consumption of stimulants such as chocolate, coffee, cola and other energy drinks. It would be best to eat as many fruits, vegetables, dairy, foods high in fiber and requested to do exercises. In case if you already have these arrhythmias, you should consult your family doctor or cardiologist to give you the appropriate treatment.
What is tachycardia?
Ventricular tachycardia is a rapid heart rate originating from the ventricles (lower chambers of the heart) and produces a pulse frequency of at least 100 beats / minute. Ventricular tachycardia is a heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia), in which the ventricles are contracting abnormally fast.
What causes tachycardia?
Ventricular tachycardia can sometimes develop without any symptoms. This ventricular tachycardia and idiopathic ventricular tachycardia tends to be less dangerous than the other types of ventricular tachycardia. Other causes of ventricular tachycardia include:
* Myocardial infarction (death of heart muscle by sudden blocking coronary artery)
* Congenital heart defects (heart problems from birth) such as Fallot tetralogy or long QT syndrome.
* Cardiomyopathy (heart muscle damage) including ischemic, dilated, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
* Myocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle)
* Valvular heart disease, mitral valve prolapsed
* Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia – frequently meets in young people, arrhythmias, and sudden death is common.
* Heart surgery rarely can cause ventricular tachycardia
* Hypokalemia (low amount of potassium in the blood), hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood), hyperkalemia (high amounts of potassium in the blood), acidosis, disorders of acid-base balance. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia may occur in patients taking diuretic drugs.
* Hypoxia (less oxygen in the blood) and hypercapnia (increased carbon dioxide in the blood). Hypoxia can happen in lung diseases such as emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
* Medications such as digoxin, aminophylline, tricyclic antidepressants, amitriptyline, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, and fluoxetine.
* Excess alcohol, tobacco, and coffee
* Stimulant drugs such as cocaine, ecstasy, and amphetamines
* Hyperthyroidism is a disease which is due to endocrine secretion of thyroid hormone excess and which predisposes to the occurrence of arrhythmias.
Advances in genetic research have led to the discovery of a gene that is involved in regulating cardiac electrical activity. Finding ways to use gene therapy to correct the defects of the heart’s electrical system will significantly reduce the risk of ventricular tachycardia to progress to more severe heart problems.
What are the symptoms of ventricular tachycardia?
Patients with ventricular tachycardia may have no symptoms (asymptomatic) and tachycardia ventricles to be discovered incidentally in a routine clinical examination or ECG.
Ventricular tachycardia symptoms are:
* Dyspnea (difficulty in breathing or tachypnea (rapid breathing, shallow)
* Weakness, fatigue
* Chest pain with pain characters angina (chest discomfort or pain that occurs when there is no proper blood circulation in heart)
* Dizziness or syncope (fainting).
Symptoms of ventricular tachycardia are due to diminish ability to pump blood to the heart to other organs (especially to the brain and heart).